The Committee of Geological Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences, initially functioning as the Geological Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences, has existed since 1952. One of the first, very important tasks of the Committee was to formulate key research problems, particularly important for the recognition of the geological structure of Poland, the country which changed its borders into three-fifths as a result of World War II.

For a time, the Committee also funded scientific research. Currently, the Committee is affiliated at the Division III of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Earth Sciences. In the 2020-2023 term, the Committee has 34 members elected by the Polish geological community of universities, institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and research and development units. The Committee cooperates with the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and participates, inter alia, in the international program of geosciences (IGCP).

In carrying out its tasks, the Committee developed many important documents, including: “Principles of Polish terminology and stratigraphic nomenclature” (1975), “Polish Rules of Stratigraphy” (2006), and “Tectonic regionalization of Poland” (2011). Together with the Planet Earth Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences, it participated in the organization and implementation of the three-year long (2007-2009) IUGS and UNESCO educational program “World Year of Planet Earth”.

In matters of education, the Committee prepared opinions for the Scientific Research Committee and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, took positions on three-stage geological studies, on the organization of education in geological sciences, on school programs including geology in teaching geography in primary and secondary schools, and proposed ways of disseminating geological knowledge. The Committee presented its position on potential geological threats to the location of a nuclear power plant in Poland, on the scope of geological surveys of areas intended for the location of such a power plant, problems related to the exploration of natural gas in shale rocks in Poland, organization of the geological survey in Poland and related draft parliamentary bills, as well as access to artificial rock exposures and changes in geological and mining law.